Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a formalized and systematic analysis conducted to identify the impacts of a development. It provides an impartial appraisal of the relative merits of differing available design and monitoring options or mitigation measures and is used to ensure environmental liabilities are evaluated correctly and any potential dverse effects minimised. It is also used generally as a planning instrument.
EIA prior to project approval is a mandatory requirement under Section 34A of the Environmental Quality Act 1974 for activities prescribed under in the Environmental Quality (Prescribed Activities) (Environmental Impact Assessment) Order 1987. It provides therefore, a mechanism for ensuring an effective evaluation is provided for all proposed developments likely to give rise to significant impacts on the environment.
ESI and its associates have been involved in all the stages of preparation of EIA’s for major developments, and have undertaken various EIA Studies throughout both Sarawak and Peninsular Malaysia. Services provided include:
- deciding if an EIA is required or desirable;
- consulting with the planning authority and government bodies;
- identifying the issues, plus available options and choices;
- surveying the existing environment and collecting baseline information (on the physical, biological and human environments, existing infrastructure, land use, and sedimentation etc.);
- assessing the significance of environmental effects;
- providing recommendations for the mitigation of negative impacts;
- identifying the environmental significance of residual impacts;
- providing recommendations for long term monitoring and surveillance; and